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Éminence grise – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Éminence grise – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

An éminence grise (French for “grey eminence“) is a powerful decision-maker or advisor who operates “behind the scenes” or in a non-public or unofficial capacity.

This phrase originally referred to François Leclerc du Tremblay, the right-hand man of Cardinal Richelieu. Leclerc was a Capuchin friar who was renowned for his beige robe attire (as beige was termed “grey” in that era.) The title “His Eminence” is used to address or refer to a Cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.[1] Although Leclerc never achieved the rank of Cardinal, those around him addressed him as such in deference to the considerable influence this “grey” friar held over “His Eminence the Cardinal”. [2]

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An éminence grise can alternatively refer to an elderly (“grey-haired”) personage who is renowned for past accomplishments, and now acts as an advisor rather than a principal actor. He might be politically influential as a consequence of his honored status within an influential group or society as a whole. For example, a distinguished retired physics professor emeritus who advises scientific leaders and government officials on nuclear energy; or a retired U.S. Senator who advises the President on an informal basis, etc.

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